Anna Shale Member

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Lithostratigraphy: Kewanee Group >>Carbondale Formation >>Anna Shale Member
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Pennsylvanian Subsystem >>Desmoinesian Series
Allostratigraphy: Absaroka Sequence

Primary source

Willman, H. B., Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, and Jack A. Simon, 1975, Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 95, 261 p.

Contributing author(s)

M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon

Name

Original description

The Anna Shale Member of the Carbondale Formation (Jewett, 1941, p. 316-317).

Derivation

Named for Anna, Bourbon County, Kansas.

Other names

History/background

Type section

Type location

Type author(s)

Type status

Reference section

Reference location

Reference author(s)

Reference status

Stratigraphic relationships

The Anna is persistent and generally accompanies the overlying Brereton Limestone, but in parts of southern Illinois the Anna lenses out and the Brereton Limestone lies directly on the Herrin (No. 6) Coal. The Anna otherwise generally lies in abrupt contact with the Herrin Coal, except where the thick wedges of silty gray shale intervene.

Extent and thickness

Lithology

It is a fissile, black, hard, carbonaceous shale that seldom is as much as 4 feet thick. Locally it contains dark gray, impure limestone concretions up to a foot thick. The Anna Shale and the Brereton Limestone, and locally even higher units, thin to zero over the gray shale wedges.

Core(s)

Photograph(s)

Contacts

Well log characteristics

Fossils

The Anna has a nektonic and planktonic marine fauna and many of the shells are fragmentary and pyritized.

Age and correlation

Environments of deposition

Economic importance

Remarks

References

JEWETT, J. M., 1941, Classification of the Marmaton Group, Pennsylvanian, in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey Bulletin 58, p. 1-148.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation
2640
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