Frederick J. Squires
Frederick Squires was a petroleum engineer at the Illinois State Geological Survey from 1931 to 1950. He was born March 4, 1879, in Plainfield, New Jersey. He graduated from Plainfield High School in 1896 and received a B.A. degree in architecture from Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts, in 1900. He received a B.S. degree from Columbia University in 1904. He practiced architecture in New York City with the firm of Squires and Wynkoop from 1904 to 1914.
Squires entered the oil business in 1914 as a partner and field manager of Squires Brothers, Remlik Oil Company, and Dinsmor Oil Company, which were organized at the inception of secondary recovery. He joined the Illinois State Geological Survey in 1931 specifically to address the rapid decline in production that most Illinois wells were experiencing. He is credited with the first successful applications of repressuring and intentional waterflooding in Illinois oil fields, a technique that doubled the amount of petroleum produced there.
He served many years as Chairman of the Illinois-Indiana-Kentucky Section of the Eastern District Standing Sub-Committee on Secondary Recovery Methods of the American Petroleum Institute. In addition, he was the first Chairman of the Interstate Oil Pact set up in 1950 to 1951. Squires served as an advisor to the Dow Chemical Co. on oil well acidizing techniques, the E.I. du Pont Co. on factory waste disposals, and the U. S. Bureau of Mines on underground gases and coals. He invented several oil field processes and contributed numerous technical papers on petroleum engineering. He held seventeen patents. He received an honorary doctor of science degree from Williams College in 1954. Using his architectural background, Squires worked with the State Architect in the designing and construction of the Natural Resources Building, including the east and west wing additions.
Squires was married in 1907 to Ethel Warrick in New York City. They had two daughters and three sons.